This is a very rare lithographed Quran from south east asia. So far this is the only known complete Quran lithiographed in Singapore in year 1869 CE by Terengganu scribe.
Lithography is a process in which the actual handwritten script is transferred to a paper. This Quran lithography was used initially in Calcutta in 1854, in Cairo in 1864 & in Constantinople in 1872. However the first Quran lithographed in south east asia was done in Palembang in 1848.
From the article “ The spirit of Langkasuka? Illuminated manuscripts from the east coast of the Malay Peninsula” written by Dr. Annabel Teh Gallop ( The British Library), she stated that there are only 6 copies of known lithographed Quran which has Terengganu (East Coast Malaysia) influence which were published in Singapore with the earliest one dated 20 Rabiulawal 1287 AH ( 20 June 1870 CE).
With this discovery, this Quran was mentioned in Dr. Ian Proudfoot’s article titled “Early Malay Printed Books”.
Item : A Lithogrpahed Malay Quran
Content : A complete Quran
Dim : 13" x 8" x 2.5"
Date : 13 Rajab 1286 AH ( 1869 CE)
Copyist : Tengku Yusof Bin Al Marhum Tengku Ibrahim
Origin : Singapore
Calligraphy : Nasqh
Design : Text written in Nasqh script on thick inlaid paper with vowel & diacritical signs in black. 15 lines per page.
Purchased Price :USD