A journey to search my soul

This is a blog of my personal collections. The purpose of this blog is to educate myself and public in regards to antiquities especially related to religion and calligraphy. I welcome everyone to input their feedback in this blog which they think would be helpful. I do not watermark the photos in this blog so everyone is free to use them as long as they are not used for illegal and unethical reasons. I appreciate if you could notify me if you plan to use any of the photos here. Enjoy browsing!!

Tuesday, November 24, 2015

Ancient Coin Review 88 : Sultanah Kamalat Shah ( Aceh Sultanate 1688-1699 CE)

This is a gold coin from Sultanah Kamalat Shah era. She is the fourth female to be throned in Aceh She reigned Aceh from 1688 - 1699 CE.
After protests from people who wanted a male sultan, especially after a fatwa from a Kadi in Mecca  stating that a woman as a head of state is in conflict with the laws of Islam, she was desposed in October 1699.
Looking at the Arabic calligraphy used, its quite tricky as the calligraphy is compressed to fit on the coin face. However it has the resemblance to Thuluth & Sini. Or probably this is how Malay calligraphy was derived.
Obverse : فادك سر يلطانه كمالة شاه
                Paduka Sri Sultanah Kamalat Shah
Reverse : زينة الدين بردولة شاه

                Zainat Aldin Berdaulat Shah

Aceh is a state located at the northern end of Sumatra island ( Indonesia). It is also known by its Arabic honorific Darus Salam ( Abode of Peace) from 1511-1959 CE.
Aceh's origins are unquestionably Cham, as the Champa king Syah Pau Kubah sent his son Syah Pau Ling to rule over Aceh when the capital Vijaya in 1471 AD, was sacked by the Vietnamese Le Dynasty.
The Sultanate of Aceh was founded in 1511 CE after the fall of Pasai Sultanate by Sultan Ali Mughayat Shah. It’s presumed that he is the same person as Syah Pau Ling who converted to Islam.
The Sultanate lasted till 1903 when the last Aceh Sultan Muhammad III Daud Shah Johan Berdaulat surrendered to Dutch occupation.

Look my other variation of this coin in below link :
Kamalat Coin Unlisted

Obv: فادك سر يلطانه كمالة شاه  Paduka Sri Sultanah Kamalat Shah
Rev: زينة الدين بردولة شاه  Zakiat Ad Din Berdaulat Shah
Weight : 0.61 gm
Dim : 14mm
Date : 1688 - 1699 CE
Rarity :
Denom : Mas
Material : Gold
Reference : A 20 type B pg 179 ( Jaarboek Voor Munt-en Penningkunde)

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